Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 10-Q


(Mark One)

Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020

or

Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from                    to                   .

Commission File Number: 001-38905


NextCure, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)


Delaware

04-5231247

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

9000 Virginia Manor Road, Suite 200
Beltsville, Maryland

20705

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

(240) 399-4900

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered:

Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share

NXTC

Nasdaq Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant:  (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No 

As of November 4, 2020, the registrant had 27,553,089 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, issued and outstanding.


Table of Contents

NextCure, Inc.

Form 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended September 30, 2020

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

1

Item 1.

Financial Statements

1

Condensed Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2020 (unaudited) and December 31, 2019

1

Unaudited Condensed Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

2

Unaudited Condensed Statements of Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

3

Unaudited Condensed Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

4

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

5

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

13

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

22

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

22

Part II. OTHER INFORMATION

23

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

23

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

23

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

25

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

25

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

25

Item 5.

Other Information

25

Item 6.

Exhibits

26

SIGNATURES

27

i


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

NEXTCURE, INC.

CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS

(unaudited, in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

September 30, 

December 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

Assets

 

  

Current assets:

 

  

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

22,534

$

34,091

Marketable securities

268,672

300,514

Restricted cash

 

1,706

 

1,706

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

4,069

 

3,684

Total current assets

 

296,981

 

339,995

Property and equipment, net

 

15,819

 

12,090

Other assets

 

3,278

 

4,083

Total assets

$

316,078

$

356,168

Liabilities, Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Accounts payable

$

186

$

1,861

Accrued liabilities

 

3,754

 

4,871

Deferred rent, current portion

 

134

 

215

Term loan, current portion

 

1,667

 

1,667

Deferred revenue, current portion

6,428

Total current liabilities

 

5,741

 

15,042

Deferred rent, net of current portion

 

776

 

359

Term loan, net of current portion

 

2,222

 

3,333

Deferred revenue, net of current portion

15,950

Total liabilities

 

8,739

 

34,684

Stockholders’ equity:

 

  

 

  

Preferred stock, par value of $0.001 per share; 10,000,000 shares authorized at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. No shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019

Common stock, par value of $0.001 per share; 100,000,000 shares authorized at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, 27,553,089 and 27,499,260 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

 

28

 

27

Additional paid-in capital

 

408,189

 

402,529

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

1,298

(38)

Accumulated deficit

 

(102,176)

 

(81,034)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

307,339

 

321,484

Total liabilities, preferred stock and stockholders’ equity

$

316,078

$

356,168

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.

1


Table of Contents

NEXTCURE, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(unaudited, in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

September 30, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

2020

    

2019

Revenue:

Revenue from research and development arrangement

$

$

1,583

$

22,378

$

4,342

Operating expenses:

Research and development

12,740

8,663

34,448

22,819

General and administrative

 

4,659

 

2,622

 

12,918

 

6,995

Total operating expenses

 

17,399

 

11,285

 

47,366

 

29,814

Loss from operations

 

(17,399)

 

(9,702)

 

(24,988)

 

(25,472)

Other income, net

 

1,032

 

1,268

 

3,846

 

2,662

Net loss

$

(16,367)

$

(8,434)

$

(21,142)

$

(22,810)

Loss per share:

Net loss per common share—basic and diluted

$

(0.59)

$

(0.37)

$

(0.77)

$

(1.81)

Weighted average number of common shares —basic and diluted

27,547,737

22,715,567

27,524,350

12,609,219

Comprehensive loss:

Net loss

$

(16,367)

$

(8,434)

$

(21,142)

$

(22,810)

Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities

(637)

(58)

1,298

(58)

Total comprehensive loss

$

(17,004)

$

(8,492)

$

(19,844)

$

(22,868)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.

2


Table of Contents

NEXTCURE, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF PREFERRED STOCK AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)

(unaudited, in thousands, except share data)

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020

Preferred Stock

Stockholders’ Equity

Additional

 

Series A

Series B

Common Stock

Paid-in

Accumulated Other

Accumulated

Stockholders’

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

  

  

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

    

Deficit

    

Equity

Balance as of December 31, 2019

 

 

$

 

$

 

27,499,260

 

$

27

 

$

402,529

$

(38)

 

$

(81,034)

 

$

321,484

Stock-based compensation

1,008

1,008

Issuance of common stock

17,142

1

36

37

Unrealized loss on marketable securities, net of tax $0

(505)

(505)

Net income

9,733

9,733

Balance as of March 31, 2020

27,516,402

28

403,573

(543)

(71,301)

331,757

Stock-based compensation

 

 

2,187

2,187

Issuance of common stock

 

 

4,248

3

3

Unrealized gain on marketable securities, net of tax $0

2,478

2,478

Net loss

 

 

(14,508)

(14,508)

Balance as of June 30, 2020

 

 

27,520,650

28

405,763

1,935

(85,809)

321,917

Stock-based compensation

2,372

2,372

Issuance of common stock

32,439

54

54

Unrealized loss on marketable securities, net of tax $0

(637)

(637)

Net loss

(16,367)

(16,367)

Balance as of September 30, 2020

$

$

27,553,089

$

28

$

408,189

$

1,298

$

(102,176)

$

307,339

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019

Preferred Stock

Stockholders’ Deficit

Additional

 

Series A

Series B

Common Stock

Paid-in

Accumulated Other

Accumulated

Stockholders’

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

  

  

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

    

Deficit

    

Equity (Deficit)

Balance as of December 31, 2018

 

68,181,819

$

71,000

56,828,851

$

91,223

 

1,374,812

$

1

$

352

$

$

(47,297)

$

(46,944)

Stock-based compensation

383

383

Issuance of common stock

4,697

4

4

Net loss

 

 

(6,155)

(6,155)

Balance as of March 31, 2019

68,181,819

71,000

56,828,851

91,223

1,379,509

1

739

(53,452)

(52,712)

Initial public offering, net of issuance costs of $9.4M

5,750,000

6

76,844

76,850

Conversion of preferred stock to common stock

(68,181,819)

(71,000)

(56,828,851)

(91,223)

15,560,569

15

162,208

162,223

Stock-based compensation

 

412

412

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of vested options, $0.001 par value

24,687

1

42

43

Net loss

(8,221)

(8,221)

Balance as of June 30, 2019

 

 

 

 

22,714,765

 

23

 

240,245

 

(61,673)

 

178,595

Stock-based compensation

524

524

Issuance of common stock

24,580

22

22

Unrealized loss on marketable securities, net of tax $0

(58)

(58)

Net loss

(8,434)

(8,434)

Balance as of September 30, 2019

$

$

22,739,345

$

23

$

240,791

$

(58)

$

(70,107)

$

170,649

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.

3


Table of Contents

NEXTCURE, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited, in thousands)

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

    

2020

    

2019

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

  

  

Net loss

$

(21,142)

$

(22,810)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

  

 

  

Depreciation and amortization

 

2,423

 

1,933

Stock-based compensation

 

5,567

 

1,319

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

(690)

 

(3,660)

Accounts payable

 

(1,675)

 

93

Accrued liabilities

 

(1,117)

 

335

Deferred rent

336

Deferred revenue

(22,378)

(2,842)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(38,676)

 

(25,632)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

  

 

  

Maturities of marketable securities

 

129,169

 

Purchases of marketable securities

(95,992)

(174,205)

Purchase of property and equipment

(6,152)

(2,557)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

27,025

 

(176,762)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

  

 

  

Proceeds from initial public offerings, net of issuance costs

77,264

Proceeds from issuances of common stock

94

65

Proceeds from the term loan

4,540

Payments of the term loan

 

(1,111)

 

Deferred financing costs

(134)

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

 

(1,017)

 

81,735

Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(12,668)

 

(120,659)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — beginning of period

 

39,130

 

135,633

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — end of period

$

26,462

$

14,974

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

 

  

 

  

Cash paid for interest

$

130

$

137

Cash paid for income taxes

$

$

Supplemental disclosures of noncash investing and financing activities:

 

  

 

  

Purchase of property and equipment included in accrued liabilities

$

134

$

73

Deferred financing costs included in accrued liabilities

$

$

134

Conversion of convertible preferred stock into common stock

$

$

162,223

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed financial statements.

4


Table of Contents

NEXTCURE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

1. Nature of the Business

Organization

NextCure, Inc. (“NextCure” or the “Company”) was incorporated in Delaware in September 2015 and is headquartered in Beltsville, Maryland. The Company is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company committed to discovering and developing novel, first-in-class immunomedicines to treat cancer and other immune-related diseases by restoring normal immune function. Through its proprietary Functional, Integrated, NextCure Discovery in Immuno-Oncology (“FIND-IO”) platform, the Company studies various immune cells in order to discover and understand targets and structural components of immune cells and their functional impact in order to develop immunomedicines. Since inception, the Company has devoted substantially all of its efforts and financial resources to organizing and staffing the Company, identifying business development opportunities, raising capital, securing intellectual property rights related to the Company’s product candidates, building and optimizing the Company’s manufacturing capabilities and conducting discovery, research and development activities for the Company’s product candidates, discovery programs and its FIND-IO platform.

Initial Public Offering

On May 13, 2019, the Company closed its initial public offering (“IPO”), in which the Company issued and sold 5,750,000 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $15.00 per share, for net proceeds to the Company of approximately $77.0 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of $6.0 million and offering expenses of approximately $3.4 million.

In preparation for the IPO, on May 3, 2019, the Company effected a one-for-8.0338 reverse stock split of its issued and outstanding common stock. The par value and authorized shares of common stock were not adjusted as a result of the reverse stock split. All share and per share information presented in the accompanying financial statements has been adjusted to reflect the reverse common stock split on a retroactive basis for all applicable periods and as of all applicable dates presented.

Upon the closing of the IPO, on May 13, 2019, all outstanding shares of the Company’s convertible preferred stock automatically converted into 15,560,569 shares of common stock at the applicable conversion ratio then in effect. Subsequent to the closing of the IPO, there were no shares of preferred stock outstanding.

Upon the closing of the IPO, on May 13, 2019, the Company’s certificate of incorporation was amended and restated to provide for 100,000,000 authorized shares of common stock with a par value of $0.001 per share and 10,000,000 authorized shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.001 per share.

Liquidity

The Company has not generated any revenue to date from product sales and does not expect to generate any revenues from product sales in the foreseeable future. Through September 30, 2020, the Company has funded its operations primarily with proceeds from public offerings of its common stock, private placements of its preferred stock and upfront fees received under the Company’s former agreement with Eli Lilly and Company (Note 6). The Company expects to incur additional operating losses and negative operating cash flows for the foreseeable future.

Risks and Uncertainties

COVID-19

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (“COVID-19”), outbreak a pandemic. In order to mitigate the spread of COVID-19, governments have imposed unprecedented

5


Table of Contents

NEXTCURE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

restrictions on business operations, travel and gatherings, resulting in a global economic downturn and other adverse economic and societal impacts. The COVID-19 pandemic has also overwhelmed or otherwise led to changes in the operations of many healthcare facilities, including clinical trial sites.

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business and financial performance is uncertain and depends on various factors, including the scope and duration of the pandemic, government restrictions and other actions, including relief measures, implemented to address the impact of the pandemic, and resulting impacts on the financial markets and overall economy. The imposition of “lockdown,” “social distancing” and “shelter in place” directives and other restrictions on business operations, travel and gatherings by state and federal governments in the United States as well as governments in other regions of the world in response to the COVID-19 pandemic initially placed significant strain on the Company’s clinical trial sites, have raised concerns around monitoring patient safety, and caused enrollment to slow in the Phase 2 portion of the ongoing Phase 1/2 monotherapy clinical trial of the Company’s lead product candidate, NC318. Any rise of COVID-19 infection rates, especially in the United States, could continue to negatively affect enrollment going forward. The Company is unable to determine the extent of the impact of the pandemic on its operations and financial condition going forward. These developments are highly uncertain and unpredictable, and may materially adversely affect the Company’s financial position and results of operations. The Company continues to closely monitor the COVID-19 situation and any potential impact to the Company’s planned activities.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

There have been no material changes to the significant accounting policies previously disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Basis of Presentation

The unaudited condensed financial statements include the accounts of NextCure and have been prepared by the Company in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial statements. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. Accordingly, these condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited financial statements and the notes thereto the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 (the “Annual Report”).

Unaudited Financial Information

In the opinion of management, the information furnished reflects certain adjustments, all of which are of a normal and recurring nature and are necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position as of the reported balance sheet date and of the Company’s results for the reported interim periods. The Company considers events or transactions that occur after the balance sheet date but before the financial statements are issued to provide additional evidence relative to certain estimates or to identify matters that require additional disclosure. The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full year or any other interim period.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of assets and liabilities as of the date of the condensed financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Although actual results could differ from those estimates, management does not believe that such differences would be material.

6


Table of Contents

NEXTCURE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

The Company qualifies as an emerging growth company (“EGC”) as defined under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”). Using exemptions provided under the JOBS Act provided to EGCs, the Company has elected to defer compliance with new or revised financial accounting standards until it is required to comply with such standards.

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2016-02 (Topic 842), Leases (“ASC 842”). ASC 842 supersedes the lease recognition requirements in ASC 840, Leases. ASC 842 clarifies the definition of a lease and requires lessees to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for all leases, including those classified as operating leases under previous lease accounting guidance. For public entities, ASU 2016-02 was effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that year.  As a result of the Company having elected the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards pursuant to Section 107(b) of the JOBS Act, ASC 842 will be effective for the Company on January 1, 2022.  Originally, entities were required to adopt ASC 842 using a modified retrospective transition method. However, in July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11 (Topic 842), Leases: Targeted Improvements, which provides entities with an additional transition method. Under ASU 2018-11, entities have the option of initially applying ASC 842 at the adoption date, rather than at the beginning of the earliest period presented, and recognizing the cumulative effect of applying the new standard as an adjustment to beginning retained earnings in the year of adoption while continuing to present all prior periods under previous lease accounting guidance. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance on the Company’s financial statements. The Company currently expects that its operating lease commitments will be subject to the new standard and recognized as right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities upon adoption of this standard, which will increase the total assets and total liabilities that it reports relative to such amounts presented prior to adoption.    

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”). ASU 2016-13 will require credit losses to be reported using an expected losses model rather than the incurred losses model that is currently used and will require additional disclosures related to credit risks. For available-for-sale debt securities with unrealized losses, this standard will require allowances to be recorded instead of reducing the amortized cost of the investment. ASU 2016-13 is effective for non-EGCs for fiscal years beginning December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those fiscal years, and will be effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 and interim periods within those fiscal years, assuming the Company remains an EGC. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effects the adoption of ASU 2016-13 may have on its financial statements.

The Company considers the applicability and impact of all ASUs issued by the FASB. All other ASUs issued subsequent to the filing of the Company’s Annual Report were assessed and determined to be either inapplicable or not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

3. Restricted Cash

The Company is required, as a condition of its $5.0 million term loan (the “Term Loan”), to maintain cash collateral on deposit in a segregated money market bank account equal to the principal portion of the Term Loan, as determined on a quarterly basis. The bank may restrict withdrawals or transfers by or on behalf of the Company that would violate this requirement. The required Term Loan reserve totaled $3.9 million as of September 30, 2020. This amount is presented in part as restricted cash and in part as other assets on the accompanying balance sheet.

7


Table of Contents

NEXTCURE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

The following table reconciles cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash per the balance sheet to the statement of cash flows:

September 30, 

December 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

Cash and cash equivalents

$

22,534

$

34,091

Restricted cash (including $2,222 and $3,333 in other assets as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)

3,928

5,039

Total

$

26,462

$

39,130

4. Marketable Securities

Marketable securities consist of the following:

September 30, 2020

Gross

Gross

 

Amortized

Unrealized

Unrealized

Estimated

(in thousands)

    

Cost

    

Gain

    

Loss

    

Fair Value

Agency bonds (government sponsored enterprises)

$

7,342

$

23

$

$

7,365

Corporate bonds

 

253,052

 

1,330

 

(55)

254,327

Commercial paper

6,980

6,980

Total

$

267,374

$

1,353

$

(55)

$

268,672

December 31, 2019

Gross

Gross

 

Amortized

Unrealized

Unrealized

Estimated

(in thousands)

    

Cost

    

Gain

    

Loss

    

Fair Value

U.S. treasury securities

$

4,991

$

$

$

4,991

Agency bonds (government sponsored enterprises)

 

24,437

 

15

 

(1)

24,451

Corporate bonds

 

271,124

 

103

 

(155)

271,072

Total

$

300,552

$

118

$

(156)

$

300,514

As of September 30, 2020, no marketable securities are considered to be other-than-temporarily impaired. The Company uses the specific identification method when calculating realized gains and losses. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, the Company recorded approximately $3,000 and $70,000 in realized gains on available-for-sale securities, which is included in other income, net on the condensed statements of operations.

5. Fair Value Measurements

The Company has certain financial assets recorded at fair value, which have been classified as Level 1, 2 or 3 within the fair value hierarchy as described in the accounting standards for fair value measurements.

Level 1—Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2—Inputs other than Level 1 inputs that are either directly or indirectly observable, such as quoted market prices, interest rates and yield curves.

Level 3—Unobservable inputs developed using estimates of assumptions developed by the Company, which reflect those that a market participant would use.

8


Table of Contents

NEXTCURE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

To the extent the valuation is based on models or inputs that are less observable or unobservable in the market, the determination of fair values requires more judgment. Accordingly, the degree of judgment exercised by the Company in determining fair value is greatest for instruments categorized as Level 3. A financial instrument’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

The following tables set forth the fair value of the Company’s financial assets by level within the fair value hierarchy as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

September 30, 2020

Significant

Quoted Prices in

Other

Active Markets or

Observable

Significant

Identical Assets

Inputs

Unobservable

(in thousands)

    

    

Total

    

(Level 1)

    

(Level 2)

    

(Level 3)

Cash equivalents:

Money market funds

$

8,277

$

8,277

$

$

Marketable securities:

Agency bonds

7,365

7,365

Corporate bonds

254,327

254,327

Commercial paper

6,980

6,980

Total

$

276,949

$

8,277

$

268,672

$

December 31, 2019

Significant

Quoted Prices in

Other

Active Markets or

Observable

Significant

Identical Assets

Inputs

Unobservable

(in thousands)

    

    

Total

    

(Level 1)

    

(Level 2)

    

(Level 3)

Cash equivalents:

Money market funds

$

19,341

$

19,341

$

$

Marketable securities:

U.S. treasury securities

4,991

4,991

Agency bonds

24,451

24,451

Corporate bonds

271,072

271,072

Total

$

319,855

$

19,341

$

300,514

$

The Company did not transfer any assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis between levels during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.

6. Agreement with Eli Lilly and Company

On November 2, 2018, the Company entered into a multi-year research and development collaboration agreement (the “Lilly Agreement”) with Eli Lilly and Company (“Lilly”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to use its proprietary FIND-IO platform to identify novel oncology targets for additional collaborative research and drug discovery by the Company and Lilly. Effective March 3, 2020, Lilly, terminated the Lilly Agreement without cause.

The Company recognized revenue under the Lilly Agreement of $0 million and $22.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, and $1.6 million and $4.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively. Effective with the termination of the agreement, no further quarterly research and development support payments are payable to the Company.

9


Table of Contents

NEXTCURE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

7. Stock-Based Compensation

Employee Equity Plans

The NextCure, Inc. 2015 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “2015 Plan”) was adopted in December 2015 and provides for the grant of awards of stock options, restricted stock awards, unrestricted stock awards and restricted stock units to employees, consultants and directors of the Company.

The NextCure, Inc. 2019 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “2019 Plan”) became effective on May 8, 2019, the date on which the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed in connection with the IPO was declared effective (the “Effective Date”). The Company’s board of directors (the “Board”) determined not to make additional awards under the 2015 Plan following the effectiveness of the 2019 Plan. The 2019 Plan provides for the grant of awards of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, deferred stock units, unrestricted stock, dividend equivalent rights, other equity-based awards and cash bonus awards to the Company’s officers, employees, non-employee directors and other key persons (including consultants).

The number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the 2019 Plan is 2,900,000 plus the number of shares of stock related to awards outstanding under the 2015 Plan that subsequently terminate by expiration or forfeiture, cancellation or otherwise without the issuance of such shares. The number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2019 Plan automatically increase each January 1st during the term of the 2019 Plan by 4% of the number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding on December 31st of the preceding calendar year or such lesser number of shares determined by the Board.

As of September 30, 2020, 2,728,278 shares were reserved for future grant under the 2019 Plan.

Stock options granted under the 2015 Plan and 2019 Plan (together, the “Plans”) to employees generally vest over four years and expire after ten years.

A summary of stock option activity for awards under the Plans is presented below:

Options Outstanding and Exercisable

Weighted

Weighted

Average

Aggregate

Average

Remaining

Intrinsic

Number of

Exercise

Contractual

Value(1)

    

Shares

    

Price

    

Life (Years)

    

(in thousands)

Outstanding as of December 31, 2019

 

2,170,212

$

6.51

 

8.6

$

113,295

Granted

1,105,045

$

37.34

9.9

Exercised

(53,829)

$

2.05

7.8

Cancelled

(259)

$

7.63

8.7

Forfeited

(71,528)

$

23.35

9.3

Outstanding as of September 30, 2020

3,149,641

$

17.02

9.1

$

6,963

Vested and expected to vest as of September 30, 2020

 

3,149,641

$

17.02

 

$

6,963

Exercisable as of September 30, 2020

 

1,107,818

$

5.01

 

$

4,755


(1)The aggregate intrinsic value is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the underlying options and the estimated fair value of the common stock for the options that were in the money at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

The weighted average grant date fair value of stock options granted to employees for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $23.40. The aggregate intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $0.4 million. As of September 30, 2020, there was $26.1 million of total unrecognized

10


Table of Contents

NEXTCURE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

compensation expense related to unvested options under the Plans that will be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately three years.

The aggregate grant date fair value of stock options and restricted stock vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was approximately $33.8 million and $7.6 million, respectively.

Stock-based compensation expense was classified on the statements of operations as follows for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

September 30, 

(in thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

    

2020

    

2019

Research and development

$

897

$

182

$

2,245

$

482

General and administrative

 

1,475

 

342

 

3,322

 

837

Total stock-based compensation expense

$

2,372

$

524

$

5,567

$

1,319

The fair value of each option award is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model using the assumptions in the following table for options issued during the period indicated:

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

    

2020

    

2019

Expected term

 

5.4 - 6.08

years 

6.08

years 

Expected volatility

 

69.7 - 81.1

%

69.7

%

Risk free interest rate

 

0.3 - 1.0

%

1.96

%

Expected dividend yield

 

%

%

8. Income Taxes

The Company did not record a provision or benefit for income taxes during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. The Company continues to maintain a full valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets.

The Company has evaluated the positive and negative evidence involving its ability to realize its deferred tax assets. Management has considered the Company’s history of cumulative net losses incurred since inception and its lack of any commercially ready products. It has concluded that it is more likely than not that the Company will not realize the benefits of the deferred tax assets. Management reevaluates the positive and negative evidence at each reporting period.

Under the provisions of Sections 382 and 383 of the IRC, certain substantial changes in the Company’s ownership may have limited, or may limit in the future, the amount of net operating loss and research and development credit carryforwards that can be used to reduce future income taxes.

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) was signed into law. The CARES Act includes various income and payroll tax provisions. The Company has analyzed the tax provisions of the CARES Act and determined they have no significant financial impact to the Company’s condensed financial statements.

11


Table of Contents

NEXTCURE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

9. Commitments and Contingencies

Legal Proceedings

On September 21, 2020, a putative stockholder class action was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York styled Ye Zhou v. NextCure, Inc., et. al., Case 1:20-cv-0772 (S.D.N.Y.). The complaint asserts claims against the Company, certain of its officers and members of its board of directors, and the underwriters in the Company’s November 2019 underwritten public offering. The complaint alleges that the defendants violated provisions of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, with respect to statements made regarding the Company’s lead product candidate, NC318. The complaint seeks unspecified damages on behalf of a purported class of purchasers of the Company’s securities between November 5, 2019 and July 14, 2020. The Company intends to vigorously defend the action. Due to the early stages of this matter and unspecified damages sought, at this time, the Company is unable to estimate the potential loss or range of losses.

10. Subsequent Events

The Company has evaluated subsequent events through the issuance date of these interim condensed financial statements.

12


Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed financial statements and the notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report and the audited financial information and related notes, as well as Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and other disclosures, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, or our Annual Report. Some of the statements contained in this discussion and analysis or set forth elsewhere in this Quarterly Report are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including with respect to our plans, objectives and expectations for our business, operations and financial performance and condition. Any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical facts may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “aim,” “anticipate,” “assume,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “due,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “objective,” “plan,” “predict,” “potential,” “positioned,” “seek,” “should,” “target,” “will,” “would” and other similar expressions that are predictions of or indicate future events and future trends, or the negative of these terms or similar language. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about:

our expectations regarding the timing, progress and results of preclinical studies and clinical trials for NC318, NC410 and any other product candidates we develop, including statements regarding the timing of initiation and completion of studies or trials and related preparatory work, the period during which the results of the trials will become available and our research and development programs;
the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the initiation, progress or expected timing of our clinical trials and the timing of related data, our efforts to adjust trial-related activities to address the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and other future impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy, our industry and our financial condition and results of operations;
the timing or likelihood of regulatory filings for NC318, NC410 and any other product candidates we develop and our ability to obtain and maintain regulatory approvals for such product candidates for any indication;
the identification, analysis and use of biomarkers and biomarker data;
development of companion or complementary diagnostic for NC318, NC410 or any other product candidates we develop;
our manufacturing capabilities and strategy, including the scalability of our manufacturing methods and processes;
our expectations regarding the potential benefits, activity, effectiveness and safety of NC318, NC410 and any other product candidates we develop;
our intentions and ability to successfully commercialize our product candidates;
our expectations regarding the nature of the biological pathways we are targeting;
our expectations for our FIND-IO platform, including our ability to discover and advance product candidates using our FIND-IO platform;
the potential benefits of and our ability to maintain our relationships and collaborations with Yale University and Dr. Lieping Chen;
our estimates regarding our expenses, future revenues, capital requirements, our needs for or ability to obtain additional financing and the period over which we expect our current cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities to be sufficient to fund our operations;

13


Table of Contents

our intended reliance on and the performance of third parties, including collaborators, contract research organizations and third-party manufacturers;
our ability to protect and enforce our intellectual property protection and the scope and duration of such protection;
developments and projections relating to our competitors and our industry, including competing therapies; and
the impact of current and future laws and regulations.

These statements are based on management’s current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about our business and industry, are not guarantees of future performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that are in some cases beyond our control, such as the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, and that may cause our or our industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from those anticipated by the forward-looking statements. We discuss many of these risks elsewhere in this report, including in the section entitled “Risk Factors” included in Part II, Item 1A, in the “Risk Factors” section of our Annual Report, and in our various filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC. You should read these factors and the other cautionary statements made in this Quarterly Report as being applicable to all related forward-looking statements wherever they appear in this Quarterly Report. If one or more of these factors materialize, or if any underlying assumptions prove incorrect, our actual results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements may vary materially from any future results, activity, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. We caution readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements made by us, which speak only as of the date they were made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. We qualify all our forward-looking statements by the foregoing cautionary statements.

Overview

We are a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company committed to discovering and developing novel, first-in-class immunomedicines to treat cancer and other immune-related diseases by restoring normal immune function. We view the immune system holistically and, rather than target one specific immune cell type, we focus on understanding biological pathways, the interactions of cells and the role each interaction plays in an immune response. Through our proprietary Functional, Integrated, NextCure Discovery in Immuno-Oncology, or FIND-IO, platform, we study various immune cells to discover and understand targets and structural components of immune cells and their functional impact in order to develop immunomedicines. We are focused on patients who do not respond to current therapies, patients whose cancer progresses despite treatment and patients with cancer types not adequately addressed by available therapies. We are committed to discovering and developing first-in-class immunomedicines, which are immunomedicines that use new or unique mechanisms of action to treat a medical condition, for these patients.

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the novel coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19, outbreak a pandemic. In order to mitigate the spread of COVID-19, governments have imposed unprecedented restrictions on business operations, travel and gatherings, resulting in a global economic downturn and other adverse economic and societal impacts. The COVID-19 pandemic has also overwhelmed or otherwise led to changes in the operations of many healthcare facilities. While we are considered an essential business under applicable regulations and continue to operate, the impacts of COVID-19 initially placed significant strain on our clinical trial sites, have raised concerns around monitoring patient safety, and caused enrollment to slow in the Phase 2 portion of the ongoing Phase 1/2 monotherapy clinical trial of our lead product candidate, NC318. We are continuing to work closely with our clinical partners and have taken steps as necessary to adjust our protocols and timelines due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. We cannot predict the scope and severity of any further disruptions as a result of COVID-19 or their impacts on us, but if we or any of the third parties with whom we engage, including the collaborators, contract organizations, third-party manufacturers, suppliers, clinical trial sites, regulators and other third parties with whom we conduct business were to experience related business disruptions, our ability to conduct our business in the manner and on the timelines presently planned could be materially and negatively impacted. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and financial performance is uncertain and depends on various factors, including the scope and duration of the pandemic, government restrictions and

14


Table of Contents

other actions, including relief measures, implemented to address the impact of the pandemic, and resulting impacts on the financial markets and overall economy. We are unable to determine the extent of the impact of the pandemic on our operations and financial condition going forward. These developments are highly uncertain and unpredictable, and may materially adversely affect our financial position and results of operations.

Our lead product candidate NC318 is a first-in-class immunomedicine against a novel immunomodulatory receptor called Siglec-15, or S15. In October 2018, we initiated a Phase 1/2 clinical trial of NC318 in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors. We completed enrollment of the Phase 1 portion of this trial in August 2019 and preliminary data from the Phase 1 portion were presented at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer annual meeting in November 2019. We reported initial biomarker data from the Phase 1 portion of this trial, which we believe suggest collectively the potential of NC318 to block S15-mediated immune suppression, in May 2020 at the 2020 Virtual American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting.  

We began enrolling patients in the Phase 2 portion of the Phase 1/2 clinical trial of NC318 trial in October 2019. In this portion, we planned to enroll up to 100 patients with tumor types that have been shown to have elevated S15 expression, including non-small cell lung cancer, or NSCLC, ovarian cancer, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, or HNSCC, and triple-negative breast cancer, or TNBC. As we announced in April 2020, initial data from the Phase 2 portion of the Phase 1/2 monotherapy trial has been temporarily delayed given enrollment slowdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In April 2020, we announced that given enrollment slowdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we expected initial data from the Phase 2 portion of the Phase 1/2 monotherapy trial to be temporarily delayed. However, we continued to support ongoing activities for patients enrolled in the trial and to work with our clinical sites to enroll new patients as appropriate. In July 2020, we announced at that time we did not plan to advance the NSCLC and ovarian cancer cohorts into the stage 2 portion of the Simon 2-stage monotherapy trial. We have not established the reason for the absence of responses in these cohorts. We will evaluate whether to pursue continued study of NC318 as a monotherapy in NSCLC and ovarian cancer after an analysis of biomarker data from the ongoing trial. We continue to enroll new patients in the HNSCC and TNBC cohorts of the monotherapy trial. One confirmed partial response has been observed in HNSCC, and this indication has been advanced to the stage 2 portion of the Simon 2-stage trial. We expect to announce additional clinical data and biomarker data from this trial in the fourth quarter of 2020.

We delayed initiating an additional Phase 2 clinical trial to evaluate NC318 in combination with standard of care chemotherapies in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and initiation of the trial is now pending further biomarker analysis and assessment of patient selection criteria for the trial.

Our second product candidate, NC410, is a novel immunomedicine designed to block immune suppression mediated by an immune modulator called Leukocyte-Associated Immunoglobulin-like Receptor 1. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or the FDA, accepted our investigational new drug application, or IND, for NC410 in the first quarter of 2020. In June 2020, we initiated a Phase 1/2 clinical trial of NC410 in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors after a temporary delay due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Phase 1 dose-escalation portion of this open-label trial is designed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of NC410 in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors and determine its pharmacologically active and/or maximum tolerated dose. After a recommended dose for the Phase 2 portion of the trial is determined, the efficacy of NC410 will be evaluated in select tumor types. We expect to announce data from the Phase 1 portion of this trial in the second half of 2021.

Financial Overview

Since commencing operations in 2015, we have devoted substantially all of our efforts and financial resources to research and development activities for our product candidates, discovery programs and FIND-IO platform, organizing and staffing our company, identifying business development opportunities, raising capital, securing intellectual property rights related to our product candidates, building and optimizing our manufacturing capabilities and conducting discovery.

We have not generated any revenue from product sales and only limited revenue from other sources. As a result, with the exception of the three months ended March 31, 2020, for which we reported a profit due to recognition of deferred revenue in connection with the termination of our former research and development collaboration agreement with Eli Lilly

15


Table of Contents

and Company, or Lilly, we have never been profitable and have incurred net losses since the commencement of our operations. Our net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $16.4 million and $8.4 million, respectively, and our net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $21.1 million and $22.8 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2020, we had an accumulated deficit of $102.2 million, primarily as a result of research and development and general and administrative expenses. We do not expect to generate product revenue unless and until we obtain marketing approval for and commercialize a product candidate, and we cannot assure you that we will ever generate significant revenue or profits.

We have funded our operations to date primarily with proceeds from public offerings of our common stock, private placements our preferred stock and upfront fees received under our former research and development collaboration agreement with Lilly, or the Lilly Agreement. From our inception through September 30, 2020, we received gross proceeds of $164.4 million through private placements of preferred stock.

In November 2018, we entered into the Lilly Agreement to use our FIND-IO platform to identify novel oncology targets for additional collaborative research and drug discovery by us and Lilly. We received an upfront payment of $25.0 million in cash and an equity investment of $15.0 million from Lilly upon entering into the Lilly Agreement, and we were eligible for quarterly research and development support payments during a portion of the term of the Lilly Agreement. Effective March 3, 2020, Lilly terminated the Lilly Agreement without cause.

On May 13, 2019, we closed our initial public offering, or IPO, in which we sold 5,750,000 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $15.00 per share, for aggregate gross proceeds of $86.3 million. The net offering proceeds to us were approximately $77.0 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of $6.0 million and offering expenses of $3.4 million.

On November 19, 2019, we completed an underwritten public offering, in which we issued and sold 4,077,192 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $36.75 per share. On December 2, 2019, the underwriters exercised in full their option to purchase an additional 611,578 shares of common stock at the public offering price of $36.75, for total net proceeds to us of approximately $160.9 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of approximately $10.3 million and offering expenses of approximately $1.0 million.

As of September 30, 2020, we had cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, excluding restricted cash, of $291.2 million. We believe that our existing cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities will be sufficient to fund our planned operations into the second half of 2023. We have based this estimate on assumptions that may prove to be incorrect, and we could use our available capital resources sooner than we currently expect.

We expect to incur substantial expenditures in the foreseeable future as we advance our product candidates through clinical development, the regulatory approval process and, if approved, commercialization, and as we expand our pipeline through research and development activities related to our FIND-IO platform and discovery programs. Specifically, in the near term, we expect to incur substantial expenses relating to our ongoing Phase 1/2 clinical trial and planned Phase 2 clinical trial of NC318, our ongoing Phase 1/2 clinical trial of NC410 and other research and development activities. We expect to continue to incur significantly increased costs as a result of operating as a public company, including significant legal, accounting, investor relations and other expenses that we did not incur as a private company.

We will need substantial additional funding to support our continuing operations and to pursue our development strategy. Until such time as we can generate significant revenue from sales of our product candidates, if ever, we expect to finance our operations through a combination of public and private equity offerings, debt financings, marketing and distribution arrangements, other collaborations, strategic alliances and licensing arrangements. Adequate funding may not be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all. If we fail to raise capital or enter into such agreements as and when needed, we may be required to delay, limit, reduce or terminate preclinical studies, clinical trials, or other research and development activities or one or more of our development programs.

16


Table of Contents

Components of Our Results of Operations

Revenue

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, we recognized $0 million and $22.4 million, respectively, in revenue under the Lilly Agreement. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recognized $1.6 million and $4.3 million, respectively, in revenue under the Lilly Agreement. Lilly terminated the Lilly Agreement effective March 3, 2020, or the Lilly Termination Date, and we recognized all of the deferred revenue as of the Lilly Termination Date in the condensed statement of operations. Through September 30, 2020, we have not generated any revenue from product sales.

For additional information about our revenue recognition policy, see Note 2 to our unaudited condensed financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report.

Operating Expenses

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses consist primarily of costs incurred for our discovery efforts, research activities, development and testing of our product candidates as well as for clinical trials, including:

salaries, benefits and other related costs, including stock-based compensation, for personnel engaged in research and development functions;
expenses incurred under agreements with third parties, including agreements with third parties that conduct research, preclinical activities or clinical trials on our behalf, such as our corporate sponsored research agreement and our license agreement with Yale University;
costs of outside consultants, including their fees, stock-based compensation and related travel expenses;
the costs of laboratory supplies and acquiring, developing and manufacturing preclinical study and clinical trial materials; and
facility-related expenses, which include direct depreciation costs and allocated expenses for rent and maintenance of facilities and other operating costs.

We expense research and development costs as incurred. Our expenses related to clinical trials are based on actual costs incurred and estimates of other incurred costs. These estimated costs are based on several factors, including patient enrollment and related expenses at clinical investigator sites, contract services received, consulting agreement costs and efforts expended under contracts with research institutions and third-party contract research organizations that conduct and manage clinical trials on our behalf. We generally accrue estimated costs related to clinical trials based on contracted amounts applied to the level of patient enrollment and other activity according to the protocol. If future timelines or contracts are modified based on changes in the clinical trial protocol or scope of work to be performed, we would modify our estimates of accrued expenses accordingly on a prospective basis. Historically, any such modifications have not been material.

Due to the early-stage nature of our programs and the discovery-related nature of our efforts, we do not track costs on a program-by-program basis. As our current and future product candidates proceed along a development path further in clinical trials, we intend to track the costs of each program.

Research and development activities are central to our business model. We expect that our research and development expenses will continue to increase substantially for the foreseeable future as we advance our product candidates through development, including conducting our ongoing Phase 1/2 clinical trial of NC318, our planned Phase 2

17


Table of Contents

clinical trial in combination with standard of care chemotherapies and preclinical studies and our ongoing Phase 1/2 clinical trial of NC410, as we develop a complementary diagnostic for NC318 if we determine it is advisable, as we expand our current good manufacturing practice, or cGMP, manufacturing capacity, including to provide drug supply of NC318 for future clinical trials, and as we expand our pipeline through research and development activities related to our FIND-IO platform and discovery programs.

We cannot determine with certainty the duration and costs of future clinical trials of NC318, NC410 or any other product candidate we may develop or if, when or to what extent we will generate revenue from the commercialization and sale of any product candidate for which we may obtain marketing approval. We may never succeed in obtaining marketing approval for any product candidate. The duration, costs and timing of clinical trials and development of NC318, NC410 and any other product candidate we may develop will depend on a variety of factors, including:

the scope, progress, results and costs of clinical trials of NC318 and NC410, as well as of any future clinical trials of other product candidates and other research and development activities that we may conduct;
the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, including delays and slowdowns as a result of strain on our clinical trial sites and concerns about patient safety;
uncertainties in selection of indications, clinical trial design and patient enrollment rates;
the probability of success for our product candidates, including safety and efficacy, early clinical data, competition, ease and ability of manufacturing and commercial viability;
significant and changing government regulation and regulatory guidance;
the timing and receipt of any development or marketing approvals; and
the expense of filing, prosecuting, defending and enforcing any patent claims and other intellectual property rights.

A change in the outcome of any of these variables with respect to the development of a product candidate could lead to a significant change in the costs and timing associated with the development of that product candidate. For example, if the FDA or another regulatory authority were to require us to conduct clinical trials beyond those that we anticipate will be required for the completion of clinical development of a product candidate, or if we experience significant delays in our clinical trials due to patient enrollment or other reasons, we would be required to expend significant additional financial resources and time to complete clinical development for any such product candidate.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel-related costs, including payroll and stock-based compensation, for personnel in executive, finance, human resources, business and corporate development and other administrative functions, professional fees for legal, intellectual property, consulting and accounting services, rent and other facility-related costs, depreciation and other general operating expenses not otherwise classified as research and development expenses. General and administrative expenses also include all patent-related costs incurred in connection with filing and prosecuting patent applications, which are expensed as incurred.

We anticipate that our general and administrative expenses will increase substantially during the next few years as a result of staff expansion and additional occupancy costs, as well as costs associated with being a public company, including higher legal and accounting fees, investor relations costs, higher insurance premiums and other compliance costs associated with being a public company.

18


Table of Contents

Other Income, Net

Other income, net consists primarily of interest income earned on U.S. Treasury obligations and payment of interest on our term loan with a commercial bank, or the Term Loan.

Results of Operations

Comparison of the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

The following table summarizes our results of operations for the periods indicated (in thousands):

Three Months Ended

    

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

September 30, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

Change

    

2020

    

2019

    

Change

Revenue:

Revenue from research and development arrangement

$

$

1,583

$

(1,583)

$

22,378

$

4,342

$

18,036

Operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

Research and development

12,740

8,663

4,077

34,448

22,819

11,629

General and administrative

 

4,659

 

2,622

 

2,037

 

12,918

 

6,995

 

5,923

Loss from operations

 

(17,399)

 

(9,702)

 

(7,697)

 

(24,988)

 

(25,472)

 

484

Other income, net

 

1,032

 

1,268

 

(236)

 

3,846

 

2,662

 

1,184

Net loss

$

(16,367)

$

(8,434)

$

(7,933)

$

(21,142)

$

(22,810)

$

1,668

Revenue from Research and Development Arrangement

Revenue was $0 million and $1.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $22.4 and $4.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The increase in revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the same period in 2019 is related to the recognition of all of the deferred revenue under the Lilly Agreement as of the Lilly Termination Date. Effective with the termination of the agreement, no further quarterly research and development support payments are payable to the Company.

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2020 increased by $4.0 million to $12.7 million compared to $8.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The increase was driven primarily by $2.3 million in personnel-related costs due to an increase in headcount. Other significant components of the increase in research and development expenses included $1.3 million in clinical research costs related to advancing NC318 and NC410. The majority of all research and development expenses incurred for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 related to NC318.

Research and development expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 increased by $11.6 million to $34.4 million compared to $22.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The increase was driven primarily by $6.3 million in personnel-related costs due to an increase in headcount. Other significant components of the increase in research and development expenses included $2.8 million in lab supplies and services for NC318, NC410, other early-stage programs and discovery activities, $1.0 million in clinical research costs related to advancing NC318 and NC410, and $0.4 million in depreciation expense.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2020 increased by $2.1 million to $4.7 million as compared to $2.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The increase was driven primarily by $0.7 million in personnel-related costs due to an increase in headcount. Other significant components of the

19


Table of Contents

increase in general and administrative expenses included $0.4 million for professional fees related to legal, finance and audit services, public relations, compensation and investor relations support, and $0.1 million in insurance expenses, primarily due to traditional costs of being a public company beginning in May of 2019.  

General and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 increased by $5.9 million to $12.9 million as compared to $7.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The increase was driven primarily by $1.9 million in personnel-related costs due to an increase in headcount. Other significant components of the increase in general and administrative expenses included $1.3 million for professional fees related to legal, finance and audit services, public relations, compensation and investor relations support, and $0.9 million in insurance expenses.  

Other Income, Net

Other income, net for the three months ended September 30, 2020 decreased by $0.3 million to $1.0 million from $1.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019.

Other income, net for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 increased by $1.2 million to $3.9 million from $2.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The increase was driven primarily by interest income earned on higher cash and marketable securities balances, partially offset by interest expense related to the Term Loan.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We have financed our operations primarily with proceeds from public offerings of our common stock, private placements of our preferred stock and upfront fees received under the Lilly Agreement. On May 13, 2019, we closed our IPO, in which we sold 5,750,000 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $15.00 per share, for net offering proceeds to us of approximately $77.0 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses. On November 19, 2019, we completed an underwritten public offering in which we sold 4,077,192 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $36.75 per share. On December 2, 2019, the underwriters exercised in full their option to purchase an additional 611,578 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $36.75. Net offering proceeds to us were approximately $160.9 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses. Since inception, we have received aggregate gross proceeds of $164.4 million from the sale and issuance of shares of our preferred stock. In addition, in November 2018, we received an upfront payment of $25.0 million in cash from Lilly pursuant to the Lilly Agreement. Our cash and cash equivalents are held in money market funds.

As of September 30, 2020, we had cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities, excluding restricted cash, of $291.2 million. We believe that our existing cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities will be sufficient to fund our planned operations into the second half of 2023.

In April 2016, we entered into the Term Loan to finance laboratory equipment purchases. In January 2019, we amended the Term Loan to increase our borrowing capacity from $1.0 million to $5.0 million. As amended, the Term Loan matures in January 2023. Under the Term Loan, we will make interest-only payments through January 2020 and 36 equal monthly payments of principal plus accrued interest thereafter through January 2023. As of September 30, 2020, our outstanding borrowings under the Term Loan were $3.9 million.

We will continue to require additional capital to develop our product candidates and fund operations for the foreseeable future. We may seek to raise capital through sale of equity, debt financings, strategic alliances and licensing arrangements. Adequate additional funding may not be available to us on acceptable terms or at all, including as a result of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. If we fail to raise capital or enter into such arrangements as and when needed, we may have to significantly delay, scale back or discontinue the development of our product candidates or delay our efforts to expand our pipeline of product candidates.

20


Table of Contents

Cash Flows

The following table sets forth the primary sources and uses of cash and cash equivalents for each of the periods presented below (in thousands):

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

    

2020

    

2019

Net cash (used in) provided by :

 

  

 

  

 

Operating activities

$

(38,676)

$

(25,632)

Investing activities

 

27,025

 

(176,762)

Financing activities

 

(1,017)

 

81,735

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

<